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Chlorine as a Sanitizer

Whats New:

Astral Swimming Pool Parts Diagrams has been updated with five new products, Including Astral Multiport Valves. Please call 954-442-1066

Updated: June 14, 2016

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Recent Events:

Whitefly Invasion

demo The Whitefly arrived in Florida in 2009. Today it is found from the Florida Keys to the Palm Beaches. Areas infested leave a "honeydew-like" like film on pools that rapidly depletes chlorine. A favorite host to the white fly is the coconut palm, often found near pools. If you are experiencing rapid chlorine depletion that cannot be explained by any other means, contact you pool professional.

Updated: August 2014

Properties of Various Types of Chlorine

Chlorine as a Sanitizer

Chlorine is by far the most popular form of sanitizer for swimming pools    it comes in a wide variety of types. Each type has unique characteristics and uses.

Knowing the properties of the chlorine you use, will be a tremendous benefit in maintaining your pool. The percentage of chlorine, will determine how much needs to be added as a shock or disinfectant. The pH of the chlorine will how much alkalinity is needed to maintain the pH in a proper range.

Product
Form
Percent
Chlorine
PH
Uses
Dangers
 TriClor
Tablets,Sticks, Granular
90%
2.8-2.9
Disinfection, shocking
Do not Touch or inhale fumes
Dichlor
Granular
56-62%
6.8-7.0
Disinfection, shocking,
Do not touch or inhale fumes
Calcium Hypochlorite
Granular, Tablets
65-75%
8.4-11.8
Disinfection, shocking, cleaning
Do not touch or inhale fumes
Sodium Hypochlorite
Liquid Bleach
10-15%
13
Disinfection, Shocking, Cleaning
Corrosive do not touch
Sodium Hypochlorite
House Hold Bleach
5-7%
13
Disinfection, Shocking, Cleaning
Corrosive do not touch
Lithium Hypochlorite
Granular
35%
10.7
Disinfection, shocking  
Gas Chlorine
Gas (liquefied)
100%
0-1
Disinfection, Shocking
Extremely Hazardous

Links to Other Water Chemistry Topics

Calcium Deposits

Chlorine Products

Glossary of Chemical Terms

Potassium Monopersulfate

Saturation Index

Spa Disinfectants

Water Testing